Buying athletic shoes can be a very daunting task, especially with the never-ending options of shoes available at stores. However, there is a science to athletic shoes, so you putian sneakers can find a pair that are best for you and decrease the probability of injury to you a with some fundamental knowledge.
Before buying an fitness shoe, you must know what type of foot you have. Of course, there are subtle differences in everyone’s feet, but in general, there are three main foot types and athletic shoes, subsequently, are made for each of these foot types.
- Impartial foot: A impartial foot has a medium mid-foot, that allows the pressure and force of running to be consistently distributed throughout the foot. Additionally a impartial foot has enough pronation, a movement that develops during weight having where the bottom part of the mid-foot moves toward a floor. Therefore the mid-foot gets lower and the foot is more flexible in a pronated state. Since a impartial foot has the necessary amount of pronation, this foot is flexible enough to absorb the pressure of running and walking and adjust to changing surfaces. Also, a impartial foot has enough supination. Supination is a movement of the foot where the mid-foot of the foot rotates off the floor creating a higher mid-foot and a more rigid foot. With enough supination, a impartial foot is rigid enough to push off the ground without causing injury. Recommended shoes for a impartial foot type are stability shoes.
- Over Pronated/Flexible foot: This foot type has a very low or flat mid-foot, which increases pressure inside the foot and big toe during walking or running. This usually results in an increase of skin thickness inside the big toe and ball of the foot. Also, this type of foot is more flexible than just a impartial foot. In the pronated position the foot is not rigid enough to push off the ground. Since an over pronated is a more flexible foot, motion-control trainers are recommended for this foot type.
- Over Supinated/Rigid foot: An over supinated foot has a very high mid-foot, which increases pressure throughout the heel, the not in the foot and ball of the foot. Compared to an over pronated foot, an over supinated foot is rigid and struggles to absorb the forces applied to the foot than the other foot types. An over supinated foot/rigid foot type benefits more from a cushion athletic shoes.
- Motion control shoes: This type of shoe is best for patients with excessive pronation or a flat mid-foot. The trunk of the shoe that glasses the heel is known as a heel counter. The heel counter in a motion control shoe is rigid to prevent excessive pronation that develops in a flexible foot. Additionally, the outline and shape on the bottom of motion control shoe is straight and broad at the front of the foot. This shape is also designed to improve stability like have a wide wheelbase on a car.
To test a motion control shoe, grasp the heel counter with your hand and squeeze the heel counter. The heel counter should not deform with compression setting of your hand.
Another way to test for motion control is to grab the leading of the shoe with one hand and the back of the shoe with the second-hand and twist the shoe. The shoe should not deform with the turning motion. The final test to determine the amount of motion in the shoe is to bend the leading and back of the shoe together like a book. The bend of the shoe should be at the ball of the foot where the foot pushes off the ground during activity and may not bend in the middle of the shoe.
- Cushion shoes: This type of shoe is best for patients with excessive supination or a high arched rigid foot. Padding shoes decrease pressure on the feet by ingesting forces carried from the ground while running. The outline and shape on the bottom of cushion shoes tend to blackberry curve at the front of the foot with extra padding at the front and middle of the shoe. Additionally, cushion shoes generally have an hourglass shape when looking at the only real where the middle organ of the sole is narrower than the front or back. Compared to motion control shoes, it is simpler to twist a cushion shoe. Additionally, when folding the leading and back of a cushion shoe together like a book, the bend is also at the ball of the foot, but the amount bend is greater and simpler to perform than just a motion control shoe.